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Gum Disease

Gum disease, or periodontisis, is a periodontal disease that starts with bacterial growth within the mouth and can end up destroying the tissue, leading to loose teeth and eventually tooth loss if not correctly treated.

causes of Gum Disease?

To begin, the bacteria contained within plaque build-up causes the gums to become inflamed and sensitive. It’s at this point where it’s common that the gums will bleed during tooth brushing. This is one of the earliest signs of gum disease. At this point there is no permanent damage done but if left untreated, it can advance to periodontisis.

During this stage, the inner layer of the gums pulls back from the teeth and exposes gaps which can fill with debris and become infected. The body’s natural immune response battles these infections and causes the degradation of the bone and tissue that anchors the teeth in place. Eventually this leads to loose teeth and tooth loss.

Gum disease causes include:

  • Poor oral hygiene habits

  • Illness (such as cancer, HIV or diabetes)

  • Smoking

  • Genetics

  • Medication

  • Hormonal changes due to menstruation, pregnancy or the menopause

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